Many of us are familiar with how the real estate sector operates. But sometimes, we require clarifications about the technical terms used by the people (property agents and regulatory officials) who document real estate transactions.
We at Zameen.com, Pakistan’s leading real estate portal, have decided to help you out on this front!
The Real Estate Glossary listed below (in alphabetical order) is intended to explain these terms in simple language.
Read through this series from top-to-finish to become a pro at everything real estate. Or just look up the term that is proving particularly bothersome at the moment.
It’s your call.
A copy of a shajra (see below) drafted on drawing paper for individual property owners.
This map shows all the fields (land) in the possession of a property owner, with their khasra (see below) numbers marked and boundaries specified. It is prepared on the demand of a property owner. Aks Shajra is primarily needed in dealings concerned with agricultural land.
A 4-kanal piece of land, equal to half of an acre.
The term is primarily used in Punjab, and is turning obsolete.
A document which indicates proof of a property’s ownership.
This document is primarily needed for the registration of property (also known as ‘registry’).
In case of a property being sold, its fard – originally issued to the owner (seller) – is used to maintain a record for registering property in the name of the new owner (buyer). Once the new registry is approved by the Revenue Department, the patwari (see below) – after adding the new details to his record – issues a transfer letter (locally called Intekal) based on the fard issued.
A fard includes the complete details of the property you own, in terms of its exact location, size, and property type. It is issued under different conditions as specified by the property owner, such as for recording purposes, for selling, or for preparing a general power of attorney.
The language of this document – if prepared manually and issued by a patwari – is technical.
A documented proof of land-leasing rights issued by a gardori(see below) to the person who attains land on lease with the owner’s consent.
A person, also called Qanoon-go or Kano-go, appointed to scrutinise a land record.
Intekal (translated literally as ‘property transfer’) is used to denote the transfer of property from one person to another.
It is carried out on the basis of the registry (see below) issued for a property.
If done through a patwari, the said official changes the data available in his record by adding the property in the record of the buyer, and then subtracting it from that of the seller. This process is called partaal, following which the intekal is completed.
The record of this transfer is maintained by a patwarkhana (see: patwari) or the Revenue Department concerned.
The process of updating land records, generally done after every four years.
A land measurement unit commonly used in the subcontinent. One kanal is equal to 20 marlas.
If the size of one marla is 225 ft², one kanal will feature 4,500 ft².
In areas where one marla measures 272 ft², a 1-kanal plot will feature 5,440 ft² of land.
A subdivision of land with a unique number allotted to it; falling under a specific khatuni (see below).
A subdivision of a khewat (see below).
Differentiated, as such, in land records maintained by the Revenue Department. A khatuni is comprised of several khasras. The number can vary.
A number allotted to a particular piece of land comprised of one or more khatunis.
This number can be changed after a new jamabandi (see above) is done.
A measurement of land – varying in size between 225 ft2 – 272 ft2.
In different parts of Pakistan, the size of a marla is different; depending on the distribution of land under the local patwarkhana.
A specific piece of land in an area that is part of a qanoon-goi.
The process of verifying and updating a property’s records – as and when it changes hands.
Partal is overseen by a patwari (see below)
A government employee tasked with keeping records of land ownership.
Patwaris normally work in patwarkhanas – a place where patwaris conduct their business.
A document indicating proof of property ownership, issued by the Revenue Department.
A land measurement, approximately 25 square feet in size.
One marla is equal to nine sarsahis.
A detailed map of an area, with numbers mentioned against each particular piece of land (or khasra – see above).
A shajra includes the complete details of each khasra (see above), in terms of its size, location, and surroundings. It is prepared from a ‘Field Book’, and is primarily used for the allotment/categorisation of agricultural land.