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Building Contractors discussions and advice. Participate in ongoing dicussions and get invaluable Building Contractors advice from people who are experts in their industries or start a new Building Contractors discussion.
( 3020 posts )

[71 Replies]
I am starting this discussion to enable people to ask all the questions from stupid and silly (to which a 10 year old should know the answer) to intelligent and brilliant (which will challenge the best of contractors and architects. After all the dummies will not always be dummies. They will become masters, and all it takes is getting your own house constructed - especially on a tight budget!

Also, any and all corrections, imporvements, replacements will be highly welcomed. Experienced people are requested to chip in with advice, suggestions and assistance.

So assuming that the plot has been bought, i will list the steps involved in order to lay down the platform for discussion!

A. Preliminary steps:

1. Obtain possession and plot layout;

2. Soil test (mostly required in the potohaar region including islamabad);

3. Apply for water, electricity and gas; collect demand note from electricity company;

4. Procure detailed design;

5. Prepare budget and bill of quantities;

6. Do boring if water supply is erratic;

7. Flood the plot with water for two days;

8. Hire a road roller for compaction;

9. Engage contractor and introduce with design architect;

10. Hire chowkidar and build temporary store room/guard room with loose bricks;

B. Grey structure

(gravity-based load bearing brick masonry walls with cement mortar) or (column based):

1. Earth work including disposal (keeping for filling foundations)

2. Procuring and laying compacting material (uniform thickness) in the form of brick aggregate;

3. Watering and compacting the material laid as described;

4. Injecting chemical emulsion for anti-termite treatment; afterwards plugging the holes with cement mortar 1(cement):2 (coarse sand); chlorpyriphos/lindane ec 20% with 1% concentration;

5. Foundations, footings, bases of column for mass concrete; {{{plz advise depth of foundation???}}}

6. Suspended floors, roofs, landings, scaffolding and access platform;

7. Laying in place, specified grade of reinforced cement concrete{{{plz advise ratio???}}} 1:1:2 cement, sand, stone aggregate bajri???;

8. Centring, shuttring, finishingg and reinforcement;

9. Reinforced cement concrete work in beams, suspended floors, roofs with slope of 15 degree, landings, balconies, shelves, chhajjas, lintels, bands, alain window sills, staircases using ratio of 1:1:5:3 cement, sand, stone aggregate 20mm size;

10. Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars;

11. Brick work and walls cement-mortar 1:4;

12. Steel bars at every third course of half brick masonry.

C. Fittings

1. Mep works;

2. Fixing good quality wood in frames of doors, windows, clerestory windows and other frames, wrought framed and fixed in position;

3. Door shutter and stainless steel butt hinges;

Glazed shutter for windows and doors;

4. Grills, frames, guard bar, ladders, railings, brackets, gate etc.

D. Finishing

1. Granite work;

2. Mirrors;

3. Provide openings for bathroom and kitchen fittings such as wash basins, kitchen sinks etc.

4. Mirror polishing;

5. Marble stone slabs;

6. Tile works;

7. Ceiling works;

8. Exterior works;

9. Paint work;

10. Paint and polish of doors, windows including priming coat, rubbing etc.

E. Final touch

1. Integral cement based water proofing treatment etc of roofs, balconies, exterior walls using broken bricks, cement mortar 1:5 and water proofing compound;

2. Flooding with water for 2 weeks to do final testing and commissioning under architect/engineer supervision.

F. Conclusion

Quran recitation and house warming party.



FORTY-STAGE Construction:-

Stages during construction of a new house:

1. Soil analysis of the plot tested for any lose fill

2. Designing and layout

3. Apply for Water, Electricity and Gas connections

4. Construction of store for cement and security guard

5. Underground water boring

6. Construction of underground water tank (I think if boring is done then no need of UGT as the pump can directly throw the water in over head tank)

7. Raft drawing by architect

8. Laying concrete

9. Purchase of sariya, cement, marble waste and bricks

10. Construction of raft foundation

11.Brick laying work for foundation walls

12. Filling the foundation

13. DPC

14. Wall construction, and beams filling (no need of next step if a running beam goes all over the structure at 7 feet)

15. Fabrication of doors and windows beams

16. Shuttering for the roof

17. Point for fans and lights in the roof (electrician and plumbers come when sariya work in lanter is finished)

18. Give 10 days to lanter to solidify and keep its surface dipped in water (esp in summers)

19. Order chaughats (doors frames of steel or wood according to your liking and budget)

20. Start walls and beams/columns raising (if building steel frame structure)

21. Same steps now as for the ground floor roof lanter, electricians and plumbers called for keeping power and pipes holes etc-

22. If you are building two stories at once, start plaster from above. But before palster starts keep chaughats ready as they are installed with plaster and also plumber and electricians run cutter in the walls for installing pipes for water and wire.

23. Clear the debris from the floors

24. Call plumber and electricians to lay underground piping, you will need to buy wires and plumbing stuff like sewerage etc

25. Put a concrete layer (called Katcha) and pipes go under it.

26. Call electrician to do the wiring

27. Buy marble or tiles as you like

28. Buy covers for water tank, gutters and rain traps. The frames are installed before flooring begins

29. Order main gate so it is ready when katcha is done if you are going for a sliding gate

30. When marble, tiles are finished install doors

31. You can also start work in bathrooms, make your choice of tiles and colour meanwhile to save time when other works are going on

32. Get kitchen cabinets made or buy ready made according to your choice

33. Get grills and windows installed

34. If structure is not damp and the cement is dried up bring the painter

35. Install fans and lights and air conditioners

36. Install railings for curtains

37. Test are electric, gas and water points if there is any leak or seepage

38. Get water tanks cleaned

39. Get the floor cleaned (normally they put wood waste on it to protect it)

40. And move to your new house

    1872 days ago In Building Contractors
    Post Answer
    S chaudry
    (4 posts)
    Interesting discussion ,i want to construct a house with brick showing interiors with number one special brick,also on floors and old fashioned ceilings,kindly advise,as im allergic to paint and want to cut the cost of cement.will it be durable and what problems can i expect,i dont like todays s modern interiors,want old fashioned construction,thanks
      1867 days ago 

      Baber Rabban..
      (1628 posts)
      I replied about wall insulation but comments are pending approval. Gave some figures in it which might have caused the prob.
        1867 days ago 

        (2 posts)
        What is good way of lying garden at front in 10 feet space, do we have to do kacha first ect? especially when there is sceptic tank in that area? please share all details

          1867 days ago 

          (814 posts)
          I think if garden is designed just above the area of septic tank,then first thing to do is ,to have some mechanism to prevent water seepage in the lenter of septic tank rendering it wk and susceptible for collapse......

          I think by placing a big and thick plastic sheet above the septic tank and then covering with mild cement and then mud placement for small roots plants can work....
            1867 days ago 

            (3020 posts)
            BR Malik sahab ... Are you a contractor in which city?
              1867 days ago 

              Baber Rabban..
              (1628 posts)
              Not a contractor. Just made my house in E-11.
                1867 days ago 

                (3020 posts)
                Mubarak ho!
                  1866 days ago 

                  Baber Rabban..
                  (1628 posts)
                  Khair mubara. I wanted to emphasise one point. We work very hard to earn money. So we should at least put half of that effort to spend it I.e one should take advice from a lot of people to make house on every stage. Di a lot of reading on internet about all problems. Usually our cultural construction concepts are wrong. Never give with material contract to anyone.
                    1866 days ago 

                    (1171 posts)
                    Malik sahab you are right. But the problem with overseas Pakistanis is that the very money with which they will build the house is being earned while working abroad.

                    They cannot take more than a month's leave. So how are they supposed to do material procurement themselves?
                      1866 days ago 

                      Baber Rabban..
                      (1628 posts)
                      30 % is a lot and even there is no guarantee to have good construction. Greed has no limit. Try to involve some of your trusted family members. Usually background of shopkeeping are good in saving petty money etc. But I may be wrong. It's my own observation.

                      @S Chaudhry. Frankly one's construction should be match of old and new construction. It is not a good idea to build whole home of bricks exterior and interior. No one is allergic to acrylic based paints.

                      I am not sure but don't think you will save money. Plaster is not such a costly thing.

                      I also have a taste for brick homes but finally decided for modern finish. Strong likeness for one finish can result in over-using it and many people will abhor it. Paint is a great thing as one can break monotony. One can give different color after 10 years or so.

                      Brick exterior is not a bad option. Even Hamid Mir was our Neighbour for 5 years and he also had brick exterior.

                      Another con for brick construction is that it's difficult to manage repairs and leakages. Plaster is easier to manage. Further, some coating is done on bricks to stop it from developing that white powder on it.

                      So brick is not an easier thing.
                        1866 days ago 

                        Post Answer (71 Replies)
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